Take home Some GMAT jargon. Jus gorge on them
Yes, you heard it right…there are words typical to GMAT verbal ( critical reasoning and reading comprehension).. here’s a list comes handy in RC/CR.
Allusion : Indirect reference to a person, place or event to another.
Archaism : The use of words and expressions that have become obsolete in common speech.
Burlesque : An incognito imitation; it imitates the matter or form of a play in an amusing manner.
Connotation and denotation : The denotation of a word is its primary meaning; connotation is the range of accompanying meanings in which it suggests or implies.
Motif and theme : A motif is an element – an incident, device or formula – which recurs frequently.
Prosody : Systematic study of writing verse (poem); principles in the use of rhyme, stanza etc.
Anecdote : Simple narration of a single incident.
Pastoral elegy : Represents both the mourner and the one he mourns.
Figurative language : Deviates from what we apprehend as the standard significance or sequence of words, in order to achieve special meaning or effect.
Symbol : A word or set of words that signifies an object or event which itself signifies something else.
historicism : A theory that history is determined by unchangeable laws and not by human agency or, it is a theory that all cultural phenomena are historically determined and that historians much study each period without imposing any personal or absolute value system.
Historical School : A school of economics maintaining that any economic theory must be based on historical studies of economic institutions.
Idealism : A philosophical system or theory that maintains that are real is of the nature of thought or that the object of external perception consists of ideas; the pursuit of high noble principles.
Existentialism : A philosophical movement that stresses the individual’s position as a self-determining agent responsible for his or her own choices.
Humanism : Assumes the dignity and central position of man in the universe and emphasizes on moral and practical rather than purely aesthetic values.
aberrant/aberration deviating from the norm.
aesthetic dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful.
anomaly deviation from the normal order, form, or rule, abnormality.
archaic outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive, time.
aver to state as a fact; to confirm or support.
bolster to provide support or reinforcement.
bombast / bombastic self–evident or pompous writing or speech; pompous; grandiloquent.
buttress to reinforce or support.
capricious inclined to change one’s mind impulsively; erratic; unpredictable.
censure to criticize severely; to officially rebuke.
cynicism an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness.
derision scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment.
diatribe a harsh denunciation.
didactic intended to teach or instruct.
digress(ive) to turn aside; to stray from the main point.
discretion cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions.
disinterest(ed) (edness) indifferent; free from self-interest.
dogma(tic) (tism) (tist) stubbornly opinionated.
eclectic composed of elements drawn from various sources.
elegy a mournful poem, especially one lamenting the dead.
empirical based on observation or experiment.
enigma(tic) mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand.
ephemeral brief; fleeting.
equivocate to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent.
erudite (ition) very learned; scholarly.
esoteric intended for or understood by a small, specific group.
eulogy(ize) a speech honoring the dead.
fallacy an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief.
foster to nourish, cultivate, promote.
grandiloquence pompous speech or expression.
hackneyed rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage.
hyperbole an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech.
iconoclast one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions.
indifferent having no interest or concern; showing no bias or prejudice.
inimical damaging; harmful; malevolent.
laconic using few words; terse.
laud (able) (-tory) to praise highly.
loquacious extremely talkative.
lucid clear; easily understood.
maverick an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party.
pedant(ic)(ry) uninspired, boring academic.
pragmatic/pragmatism practical; moved by facts rather than abstract ideals.
profundity depth (usually depth of thought).
prosaic dull; unimaginative.
refute to disprove; to successfully argue against.
repudiate to refuse to have anything to do with; disown.
rhetoric the art of study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion.
satire a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision.
specious(ness) seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive.
subtle not obvious; elusive; difficult to discern.
succinct brief; concise.
superfluous exceeding what is sufficient or necessary.
tacit implied; not explicitly stated.
terse brief and concise in wording.
tirade a long and extremely critical speech; a harsh denunciation.
trenchant sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating
untenable indefensible; not viable; uninhabitable.
veracity truthfulness; honesty.
Objective assessment: (dispassionate / disinterested presentation)
The author reacts to a piece of work not influenced by personal feelings or prejudice. Assessing a piece of work based on its own inherent reality than by the evaluators whims and fancies. Judgment done through the intrinsic criteria of the work itself.
Biased interpretation: (subjective / prejudiced.)
An author’s opinion or feeling that strongly favours one side of an argument, sometimes unfairly.
Skepticism: This would imply criticism, doubt or questioning the logic of an argument. This expresses the author’s disagreement with a hypothesis, idea, proposition, finding of a study and the like.
Pointed disagreement: Sharp criticism / unrelenting criticism; the author disagrees with an idea completely. There will be explicit statements in the passage denoting this.
Qualified admiration: (Limited / modified / restricted endorsement.)
Here the author is quite specific in his approval; he admires the person / idea discussed for certain qualities and may be critical of certain other aspects.
Grudging respect / approval: This is characterized by unwillingness from the part of the author to concede completely to the idea; he expresses his opinion reluctantly.
Optimism / hope: The author would express hope and expectation in say, solving a problem, implementing a recommendation.
Enthusiastic endorsement: The author wholeheartedly approves of the idea and / or supports the findings, recommendations or propositions.
Eulogy: Extreme praise for the author being reviewed or person or idea under discussion.
Satirical: The author expresses scorn / ridicule / derision; he laughs at the matter under discussion.
Ironical: The author uses words to convey the opposite meaning of what he expresses. One thing is said and its opposite is implied.